Recently emerging tobacco products have been described as highly safe, leading users to think they are less harmful, and may even quit traditional cigarettes. But in real, it is totally different. Electronic cigarettes, heated cigarettes can cause healthy deterioration, and also increase the risk of smoking. Young people use electronic cigarettes then keep using regular cigarettes. therefor the risk of addiction will increase 3.6 times. Electronic cigarettes instead of smoking cessation tools make teenagers start smoking,” said Nguyen Tuan Lam, representative of the Office of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Vietnam, speaking at the conference on the topic related to new-generation tobacco product management policy, March 5.
Many other toxins and carcinogens are also found in e-liquid and cigarette smoke, harming both smokers and people around them. They are formaldehyde, nitrosamines, acetaldehyde, benzene rings … WHO also warned people about the trend of mixing flavors, even drugs in electronic cigarettes.According to Mr. Lam, this is a basic factor to ban e-cigarettes in the indoor environment like regular cigarettes.
Ms. Tran Thi Trang, Deputy Director of the Legal Department, Ministry of Health, said that she would propose a motion to the Government to ban trading, manufacturing, importing and advertising electronic cigarettes and heated cigarettes.
Master Le Thi Thu, Program Manager of Tobacco Control and Non-Communicable Diseases, HealthBridge Canada in Vietnam also expressed her concern about the use of electronic cigarettes affecting badly to global warming. increase, especially in adolescents.
In the US, there has been an “epidemic” of electronic cigarette smoking among teenagers. From 2011 to 2018, the number of e-cigarette use among American teenagers increased rapidly from 1.5% to an alarming rate of 27.5%. In 2018, about a third of e-cigarette users were teenagers.
In Europe, about 1.5% of the population used regular electronic cigarettes in 2014 and increased to 1.8% in 2017.
In Vietnam, the ratio of using e-cigarettes currently is 1.1% of the population and makes up 0.2% of the traditional smokers. The trend of using cigarettes tends to increases in big cities, in the group with good living standards among youngers.
“Vietnam does not have a mechanism for new-generation tobacco management policies, while these products are sold and promoted strongly on social networks,” Ms. Thu said.
She suggested that the authorities should participate in order not to allow products to be sold freely in the market. At the same time, it is necessary to consider banning the sale, production and advertising of electronic cigarettes in Vietnam.